Year of foundation

1st August 1291

Capital

Berne

Currency

Swiss Franc

Area 41’293 sq km / 15’936 sq mi
Length of frontier 1’881 km / 1’168 mi
Distance  North to South 220 km / 137 mi
East to West 348 km / 216 mi
Population 8 milion
Population density 172 per sq. km
Government Parliamentary Federal State since 1848, Direct democracy
Cantons 20 full cantons, 6 half cantons

LANGUAGES

  • German
  • French
  • Italian
  • Romansch
  • Others

RELIGIONS

  • Catholic
  • Protestant
  • Others

LARGEST CITIES

Zurich: 336'800
Geneva: 173'500
Basel: 168'700
Lausanne: 125'000
Berne 122'700
Lucerne: 57'000
Lugano: 56'700

LARGEST LAKES

Lake Geneva: 582 km2
Lake Constance: 539 km2
Lake Neuchâtel: 218 km2
Lake Maggiore: 212 km2
Lake Lucerne: 114 km2
Lake Zurich: 88 km2
Lake Lugano: 49 km2
Highest Village Juf (Grisons): 2.126 m / 7’000 ft
Lowest Village Ascona (Ticino): 196 m / 690 ft
Landscape 3 main types of landscape – the Swiss Alps, the hilly Swiss Mittelland, which extends from Lake Constance to Lake Geneva, and the Swiss Jura, a long line of rugged fold mountains
Glaciers number 140
Largest Glacier (Surface) Aletsch (Valais): 117 sq km / 73 sq ml. Length 24 km / 15 mi
Lakes number 1’484